Sandhi – Summary

Sandhis with a crude representation of the rules. (More details are given below).

  1. स्वरसन्धिः
    1. सवर्णदीर्घसन्धिः
      { अ आ } { इ ई } { उ ऊ } { ऋ } + सवर्णस्वरः = { आ ई ऊ ॠ }
    2. गुणसन्धिः
      { अ आ } + { इ ई } { उ ऊ } { ऋ ॠ } { ऌ } = { ए ओ अर् अल् }
    3. वृद्धिसन्धिः
      { अ आ } + { ए ऐ } { ओ औ } = { ऐ औ }
    4. यण् सन्धिः
      { इ ई } { उ ऊ } { ऋ ॠ } { ऌ } + असवर्णस्वरः = { य् व् र् ल् }
    5. यान्तवान्तादेशसन्धिः
      { ए } { ऐ } { ओ } { औ } + { स्वरः } = { अय् अव् आय् आव् }
    6. पूर्वरूपसन्धिः (ऽ – avagraha symbol)
      { ए } { ओ } + { अ } = { ए } { ओ }
      सो + अहम् = सोऽहम्
    7. पररूपसन्धिः
      { अ } + { ए } { ओ } = { ए } { ओ }
  2. व्यञ्जनसन्धिः
    1. श्चुत्वसन्धिः
      { सकार + तवर्ग: } + { शकार: + चवर्गः } = { शकार: + चवर्गः }
      ( first varga changes to equivalent in the second varga ) (order can be reversed also )
      { त } + { च … ञ श } or { च … ञ श } + { त } –> { च }
      { स } + { च … ञ श } or { च … ञ श } + { स } –> { श }
      सत् + चित् = सच्चित्
    2. ष्टुत्वसन्धिः
      { सकार + तवर्ग: } + { षकार: + टवर्गः } = { षकार: + टवर्गः }
      ( first varga changes to equivalent in the second varga ) (order can be reversed also )
      { त } + { ट … ण ष } or { ट … ण ष } + { त } –> { ट }
      तत् + टीका = तट्टीका
    3. जश्त्वसन्धिः
      वर्गीयव्यञ्जनानि + { स्वरः / मृदुव्यञ्जनानि ) = ग् ज् ड् द् ब्
      { 1, 2, 3, 4 } + { स्वरः {3, 4, 5} य र ल व ह } = { 3rd of first } + {second}
      जगत् + गुरु = जगद्गुरु
    4. चर्तवसन्धिः
      वर्गीयव्यञ्जनानि + कर्कशव्यञ्जनानि = क् च् ट् त् प्
      { 1, 2, 3, 4 } + { 1, 2, श ष स ) = { 1st of first } + {second}
      विपद् + कालः = विपत्कालः
    5. परसवर्णसन्धिः
      अनुस्वारः + व्यञ्जनम् (except श ष स ह ) = { 5th of second } + {second}
      शं + करः = शङ्गरः
      { त् थ् द् ध् } + ल = ल्ल | न् + ल = ँल्ल
      तत् + लयः = तल्लयः
    6. अनुनासिकसन्धिः
      • Optional वर्गीयव्यञ्जनानि + अनुनासिका = { 5th of first } + {second}
        जगत् + माता = जगन्माता
      • Mandatory when the second part is a suffix starting with अनुनासिका like मयम्, मात्रम् |
        तद् + मात्रम् = तन्मात्रम्
    7. ङमुडागमसन्धिः
      { ह्रस्वस्वरः } + { ङ ण न } + स्वरः –> 2 { ङ ण न }
      गच्छन् + अस्ति = गच्छन्नस्ति
    8. अनुस्वारसन्धिः
      { म } + { व्यञ्जनम् } = ं + { व्यञ्जनम् }
      अहम् प्रातः = अहं प्रातः
    9. पूर्वसवर्णसन्धिः
      { 3rd } + { ह } = { 3rd } + { 4th }
      This could be followed by जश्त्वसन्धिः which changes the first part from { 1 2 3 4 } to 3rd. This sandhi is optional.
      जगत् + हिताय = जगद् + हिताय (जश्त्वसन्धिः) |
      जगद् + हिताय = जगद् + धिताय (पूर्वसवर्णसन्धिः) |
    10. छत्वसन्धिः
      { वर्गीय-व्यञ्जनम् } + श् + { स्वरः ह य व र } = { } + { छ् } + { }
      This sandhi is optional.
      उत् + श्वासः = उच् + श्वासः – श्चुत्वसन्धिः |
      उच् + श् + वासः = उच् + छ् + वासः – छत्वसन्धिः |
  3. विसर्गसन्धिः
    1. विसर्गसन्धिः उकारादेशः
    2. विसर्गसन्धिः सकारादेशः
      •  : + { च छ ट ठ त थ श ष स } =  स् + { }
    3. विसर्गसन्धिः रेफादेशः
      • { ~अ, ~आ } + : + { स्वरः / मृदुव्यञ्जनानि {3, 4, 5} य र ल व ह } = { } + र् + { }
    4. विसर्गसन्धिः लोपः

More Details (Work in Progress):

  1. स्वरसन्धिः
  2. व्यञ्जनसन्धिः
  3. विसर्गसन्धिः

References:

  1. Sandhi – Karthikeyanji’s PDF Files

  2. Sandhi – Practice for Gita Pravesha exam

  3. The book, “Sandhi”, published by Samskrita Bharati.

(Video) Gita Govindam Sarga-1 Ashtapadi-4 Anvaya

Chandana charchita neela kalevara |
Gita Govindam Sarga 1 Ashtapadi 4 with Sanskrit Anvaya. The shlokas and ashtapadis have been rendered by Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar and his team. Thanks to Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar for the audio. (Taken from the videos named Jayadeva Ashtapadi- Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar-Kariyannur Mana in Channel Praveen Kumar, with video courtesy Shri. Sreeraman Nambiar) Detailed notes are available in https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sri-jayadevas-gita-govindam/gita-govindam-sarga-1-anvaya

Refer https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sri-jayadevas-gita-govindam/ for the notes.

(Video) #8 – Kalidasa’s Raghuvamsam – 2nd Sarga – Smt. Vidhya – Shloka 9-10

रघुवंशमहाकाव्यम् – द्वितीयः सर्गः – श्रीमती. विद्या रमेशः – संस्कृतभारती, चेन्नै

(Raghuvamsa Maha Kavyam – Second Sarga – Online weekly classes being conducted by Smt. Vidhya Ramesh, Samskrita Bharati, Chennai).

https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sanskrit-sessions/video-kalidasas-raghuvamsam-second-sarga-vidhya-ramesh/ This page contains the detailed notes of the shlokas covered in the sessions.

 

(Video) Gita Govindam Sarga-1 Ashtapadi-3 Anvaya

Lalita lavanga lataa parisheelana |
Gita Govindam Sarga 1 Ashtapadi 3 with Sanskrit Anvaya. The shlokas and ashtapadis have been rendered by Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar and his team. Thanks to Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar for the audio. (Taken from the videos named Jayadeva Ashtapadi- Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar-Kariyannur Mana in Channel Praveen Kumar, with video courtesy Shri. Sreeraman Nambiar) Detailed notes are available in https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sri-jayadevas-gita-govindam/gita-govindam-sarga-1-anvaya

Refer https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sri-jayadevas-gita-govindam/ for the notes.

Gita Shibiram 2018 Samskrita Bharati

Gita Shibiram 2018, was organized by Samskrita Bharati, Tamilnadu, at Maharishi International Residential School, Sriperumbudur, between 28-12-2018 and 30-12-2018. This was the 20th time that the Gita Shibiram was conducted by Samskrita Bharati, TamilNadu.

The chapter for this year was Chapter 14 – Gunatrayavibhaga Yoga. There were other sessions conducted for students doing various courses. Among such focused classes, some of the sessions addressing the volunteers (who conduct classes to help the correspondence course students preparing for Pravesha, Parichaya, Shiksha and Kovida) are being shared here. There were many other sessions including Gita paarayanam practice, entertainment programmes, games, practice of various Sanskrit Songs (apart from Bala Bharati songs meant for kids), Inaugural function, Bhashanam, etc.,  which have not be captured.

Gita Shibiram 2018 on 28, 29, 30 Dec 2018
Conducted by Samskrita Bharati, Uttara TamilNadu
at Maharshi International Residential School, Sriperumbudur

  • Inaugural Function
    • Sri N. Gopalaswamy,
      15th Chief Election Commissioner of India
    • Dr. T.P. Radhakrishnan,
      Principal, Madras Sanskrit College
    • Shri. S. Namasivayam,
      Correspondent, Maharishi Schools
    • Sri T.S. Raghavan,
      Tamil Scholar, Former Chairman Indian Bank
  • Books Released
    • दयासिन्धुः यतिराजः
    • Dayaasindhuh Yatiraaja – on Sri Ramanujaacharya
    • भूमिका 2
    • Bhoomikaa 2 – Lessons For Kids
    • धीराङ्गनाः
    • Dheeranganaah – on Great Women of India
    • अभ्यासमाला
    • Abhyaasamaalaa – Grammar Workbook
  • Participants
    • 220 in number across different age groups
    • Including 32 Ayurveda College Students
    • Additionally around 20 kids including infants
    • From nine districts in Tamil Nadu
    • Also from other states (Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Gujarat, Hyderabad)
  • Various Programmes included
    • Morning Prayers, Homam on Day 1
    • Discourses (Chapter 14) (in Sanskrit)
    • Speech by Special Guests
    • Chanting of Gita Shlokas
    • Sanskrit Songs Singing
    • Grammar classes for different levels
    • Entertainment programmes
    • Special classes and games for children
    • Presentation on “Tamil and Sanskrit”
    • Debate in Sanskrit
  • Concluding Function
    • Dr. R. Ramachandran
      Samskrita Bharati,
      Uttara TamilNadu President
    • Dr. D. Jayadev
      Renowned Plastic Surgeon,
      Samskrita Bharati,
      Salem Zone President
    • Sri Shirish Bhedasgaonkar
      Samskrita Bharati,
      All India Propaganda Chief

Link to the playlist –

Here the link to the individual vidoes are available:

Bhagavad Gita Chapter 14 – Discourses in Sanskrit by Sri Sriram Mahadevan

https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/chapter-14-bhagavad-gita/

RRji Speech – Excerpts

Lyrics available here — https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/2019/01/01/video-samskrita-geetam-kriya-siddhih/

Bhajan

RRji – classes on Upasarga – Part 1 of 4

Karthikeyanji’s classes on Sandhi – 4 videos

There are numerous other videos too. Kindly see the playlist.

The extensive learning material shared by Sri Karthikeyanji for Sandhi,
https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sandhi-karthikeyanjis-pdf-files

For the ardent students, here are links to a few classes of RRji,
https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/category/gyan-rrji

Here is the link to the additional material for the correspondence courses with lots of question papers  –https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/2015/09/22/pravesha-parichaya-shiksha-kovida-additional-study-material/

Last year’s videos are available https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/2018/01/01/gita-shibhiram-2017-samskrita-bharati/ .


For FREE Sanskrit Learning in Tamil Nadu, please contact 9443722009 / 044 26432635 / 26432637.

Donations to Samskrita Bharati, TamilNadu, are welcome. Donations to Samskrita Bharati are exempt under 80 G of Income tax. Here are the detail for making online transfers: City Union Bank, Purasawalkam branch, A/C # 500101010713710, IFSC CIUB 0000112, A/C name: Samskritabharati. Please follow up the transaction and send email to sbuttaratamilnadu@gmail.com with full address, contact number & PAN No for sending receipt. For more details, contact Sri N. Sundaresan @ +91 98410 01558

(Video) Gita Govindam Sarga-1 Ashtapadi-2 Anvaya

Gita Govindam Sarga 1 Ashtapadi 2 with Sanskrit Anvaya. The shlokas and ashtapadis have been rendered by Shri. O.S. Sundar Bhagavathar and his team. (Taken from the videos named 004 Srutha Kamala – Asthapathi by Sri O S Sundar Bhagavatar – Thrissur Bhajanotsavam 2012 in Channel thecuteram) Detailed notes are available in https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sri-jayadevas-gita-govindam/gita-govindam-sarga-1-anvaya

Refer https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sri-jayadevas-gita-govindam/ for the notes.

(Video) Gita Govindam Sarga-1 Ashtapadi-1 Anvaya

Gita Govindam Sarga 1 Ashtapadi 1 with Sanskrit Anvaya. The shlokas and ashtapadis have been rendered by Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar and his team. Thanks to Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar for the audio. (Taken from the videos named Jayadeva Ashtapadi- Shri. Udayalur Kalyanarama Bhagavathar-Kariyannur Mana in Channel Praveen Kumar, with video courtesy Shri. Sreeraman Nambiar) Detailed notes are available in https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sri-jayadevas-gita-govindam/gita-govindam-sarga-1-anvaya

Refer https://nivedita2015.wordpress.com/sri-jayadevas-gita-govindam/ for the notes.