History of Sanskrit Poetics – Quick Reference List

Some of the important Alamkaarikas in the History of Sanskrit Poetics have been listed here. Please leave a comment for any corrections or additions.

Author Lakshana Grantha Soul Highlight Time
Bharata Muni Naatya Shaastra Rasa काव्यस्य आत्मा रस: |
इति वृत्तम् तु काव्यस्य शरीरम् |
रसात्मकं काव्यम् |
500 BC
Bhaamaha Kaavyaalamkaara Alamkara काव्यस्य आत्मा अलंकार: | 700 AD (P.V. Kane – 8th)
Dhandi Kaavyaadharsha 10 Gunas, दश गुणा: (Alamkara Lakshanamand kaavya lakshanam, चम्पु) काव्यशोभाकरान् धर्मान् अलङ्कारान् प्रचक्ष्यते|.. शरीरं तावदिष्टार्थव्यवच्छिन्ना पदावली| 7th

Kanchi, great grandson of Bhaaravi

Vaamana Kaavyaalankaara Sutra and its Vrutti Reeti (way of expression) रीतिरात्मा काव्यस्य | First to think of soul

काव्यशोभायाः कर्तारो धर्मा गुणाः । तदतिशय-हेतवस्त्वलङ्कारः | पूर्वे नित्यः |

Alamkara enhance the beauty. Guna cause them and are essential.3 kinds of reetis.

8th Jayapida’s court, Kashmir
Udbatta Kaavyalamkara Sara Sangraha 9th Shantha Rasa Also commentaries on Bhaamaha’s work 8th Jayapida’s court, Kashmir
Rudrata Kaavyalamkaara 10th Preyas Rasa Staayibhaava preethi or vaatsalya 9th

(850)

Anandavardhana Dhvanyaaloka Dhvani काव्यस्य आत्मा ध्वनि: | 9th  AD

(10th)

Rajashekara
राजशेकरः
Kavyamimamsa Investigation of Poetics (Kaavya Lakshanam) कवेः कर्म काव्यम् | kavishiksha or training of poets 9th-10th
Abhinava Gupta Commentaries Lochana on dhvanyaaloka, Abhinava Bhaarati on Naatya Shaastra Rasaanubhava Process of realization of Rasa 980 to 1020
Kuntaka Vakrookti Jivitam Vakrotti
(crooked speech)
काव्यस्य आत्मावक्रोत्ति: | 10th

950–1050

Dhananjaya (and Dhanika) Dasharoopaka (and commentary Avaloka) Taatparya (opposed Dhvani) 10th
Bhoja Deva / Bhoja Raja Srngaaraprakaasha and सरस्वतीकण्ठाभरण Srngaara and Sanskrit Grammar Srngaara is the only rasa; Revised edition of Sanskrit Grammar 10th  AD Malwa

(till 1055)

Mahima Batta Vyaktiviveka Anumaana

(opposed Dhvani)

Defects in Dhvani and showed that anumaana is present in Dhvani examples. Elaborated on Anauchitya 11th Kashmir
Kshemendra Auchitya Vichaara Charcha Auchitya auchitya is the jivita of rasa. 27 types of auchitya. 11th AD

student of Abhinavagupta

Mammatta

मम्मट:

Kaavya Prakaasha (Kaavya Lakshanam) तददोषौ शब्दार्थौ सगुणावनलंकृती पुनः क्वापि 12th
Vishwanatha

विश्वनाथः

Saahitya Dharpana Ukti

 

उक्तिविषेशः काव्यम् |

वाक्यं रसात्मकं काव्यम् |

14th Orissa
Rupagoswami Bhaktirasaamritasindhu Bhakti Rasa Like Madhusoodhana Saraswati, Bhakti rasa 15th – 16th
Appayya Dikshita Kuvalayaananda 100 alamkaaras 100 works on various subjects 16th  Tamil Nadu
जगन्नाथः Jagannatha Pandita Raja title given by Shah Jahan Rasa Gangadhaaraa (Kaavya Lakshanam) Rasa Sutra explanation रमनीयार्थ-प्रतिपादक-शब्दं काव्यम् | Only 9 rasas. Only prathibha is the cause of kavya (no nipunata and abhyaasa). Dhvani follower but splits shabda chitra and artha chitra into two separate levels. Rasa – indescribable illusion. Critic – Appaiya and Bhattoji Dikshita 17th Telugu Brahmin 1620-1665

There were other aalamkaarikaas –Lolata, Kaiyatta, and (the Jaina poet) Hemachandra (Kaavyaanushaashana).

Advertisements

One thought on “History of Sanskrit Poetics – Quick Reference List

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s